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Georgia Joined a Nuclear Security Communiqué Adopted by World Leaders

Published: March 27, 2012 | 3:37 pm
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The COMMERCIAL TIMES

Georgia has joined a Nuclear Security Communiqué adopted by the world leaders at the Nuclear Security Summit on March 27.

Leaders of 53 states signed the document, including Georgia, which took part in the process of drafting the document. The Communiqué of 13 points describes the additional measures, which are necessary for the reinforcement of nuclear security around the world.

`We recognize that the Nuclear Security Summit is a valuable process at the highest political level, supporting our joint call to secure all vulnerable nuclear material,` the document said. “In this regard, we welcome the substantive progress being made on the political commitments of participating states,” it said.

The President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili, addressed the Nuclear Security Summit participants. Georgian President spoke about the urgency of addressing nuclear security as well as focusing a large part of the speech on the issue of Russian occupation. The Head of State called on the sides to deepen cooperation and double their efforts in terms of enhancing nuclear and radioactive security opportunities. He also spoke about the ongoing threats coming from the occupied territories of Georgia – Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali Region because of the absence of international monitoring in these enclaves. The President of Georgia called on the world leaders to activate the international mechanisms more intensively in order to avoid these threats.

While addressing the summit every participant touched on the issues of the necessity of enhancing nuclear security, fighting illegal proliferation of nuclear materials, and progress reached since the 2010 Washington Summit.

Next summit will be held in the Netherlands in 2014. The first Nuclear Security Summit was held in Washington D.C. in April 2010.

Historic milestones in the evolution of the nuclear security issue

In the late 1960s, cross-border transfers of nuclear materials increased with the rising use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Nuclear security aimed to ensure the stability in the supply of nuclear fuel by preventing the illegal seizure of nuclear materials in transit.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, managing existing nuclear materials and facilities within the former Soviet territory emerged as a priority issue, with an emphasis on disarmament and on the protection of and the reduction in the number of nuclear materials and facilities.

Following the 9/11 attacks in 2001, the possibility of terrorists misusing nuclear materials and facilities became a real threat, and nuclear security was highlighted as a means to combat the threat of nuclear terrorism.

 

 

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